As the oldest traces of human settlement in the region also date back to 11,000 years ago, the possibility that man was one of the very first species to arrive – even before soil and plants, surviving by shing or hunting seals – cannot be ruled out. Even today, man doesn’t solely play a negative role in Estonian nature. Some of the most critical biomes include semi-natural primeval landscapes, a range of meadows, and pastures. Coastal meadows are prized nesting and resting sites for flocks of migratory birds.
Estonia’s bogs are a sanctuary for animals, plants, and entire ecosystems. Not long ago, the entire country constituted a huge archipelago of swamps. Rare lush mixed forests have survived on bog islands, where old lindens and oaks grow side-by-side with chestnut trees. An array of extensive nature reserves has been established to protect particular species of ora and fauna
A great part of Estonian intellectual life (in addition to physical work) revolves around the country’s nature.
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